Wall Texture Types And Which One To Choose?
With the new year knocking on the door, many of you will start thinking about giving a new look to your home. Whether it’s the new year or Spring or any season, you can create a different look by changing the texture of the walls.
Different textures of the wall can give a fresh look as well as cover imperfection. Bumps or parts where the plaster has come off can also be a valid reason to get textured walls and ceilings.
Either way, it refreshes your home surroundings and recharges your spirit.
There are different textures you can apply to your wall. It boils down to how you’re applying the plaster and the tools you’re using. With so many texture types available, you might get a bit fuddled on which one is the best for you.
To make these decisions easy for you, we have come up with this article that covers different wall texture types ideas.
You will learn which type of effect certain tools can have on the wall. Whether it is for your home or office walls, consider the textures carefully before you go for the execution.
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16 Types Of Wall Textures And Their Applications
Let’s get to know the various kinds of wall texture at your disposal. Drywall texture variations can be either hand-applied or applied with a sprayer.
A combination of water and gypsum dust is used to make the drywall compound. To apply this compound, special brushes, knives, and other tools are used.
Within these two types, there are further sub-types of drywall textures. Read on to find out the details about how these textures look and how to create them.
1. Skip Trwowel
A kind of hand-applied texture for walls, this is created by applying mud or plaster on the wall with the help of a skip trowel. To get the desired texture, a curved knife measuring 18 inches is applied in thin layers.
It’s important to get the angle of the knife right. At the perfect angle, the knife skips over the surface, making a design consisting of overlapping layers. This creates a pool of circles falling over each other.
When using this technique, be aware of the mud consistency. If it’s too thin, it will fall off the wall. On the other hand, if it’s too thick, you won’t be able to apply it on the wall at all.
Use this texture in your interior walls to give a new look. To accentuate the design, hang a wall carpet or a framed painting against the circles and layers of the texture.
This wall pattern is created using a trowel that has small teeth, much like a comb, and hence the name. This tool creates lines with different widths.
You will notice that the result looks much like a series of rainbows. These rainbows are placed at different and random angles on the wall.
To make this rainbow effect on the wall, two persons are needed. One person can apply the mud using a roller or a sprayer. The second person can create the texture with the comb-like trowel before the mud gets dry.
The comb pattern makes the wall highly stylized. Therefore, if you have an artistic spark in you, then this wall texture type could be for you. Like all things stylish, you need the oomph to pull it off.
A comb wall texture would look great in a more informal setting like a family room or a sunroom. Use simplistic and minimalist style furniture so that the focus stays on the walls.
3. Orange Peel
It’s one of the most common and popular wall texture design. You can tell by the name that this wall texture is dimpled and resembles the peel of an orange.
Before applying this technique, some prepping of the walls is required. It’s necessary to sand, clean, and prime the wall for the best results. To get this texture, drywall mud is mixed with water to thin its consistency. The final compound should have a thick liquid form.
You will need two coats of the compound to achieve the orange peel effect. First, a compressor and sprayer are used to apply the mud at high pressure.
Then, a thick nap roller is used to run over the surface. Wait till the coating is completely dry. Finish off with a second coating and wait till it’s dry.
The effect looks very simple and practical. Such a wall texture is good for schoolrooms, laboratories, besides your home of course.
It’s perfect for a formal and semi-formal living room and private office. This creates a somber environment without being too cold.
For a modern look to your living room or dining room, you might choose the knockdown wall texture type. It adds depth and dimension to a room by giving it a stucco-like finish.
Similar to the orange peel drywall texture model, you need to sand, clean, and prime the wall before applying this technique. However, before the mud is allowed to dry, you need to bump off areas using a tool called a knockdown. You can also use a knife or a trowel.
After bumping off the areas, you need to smoothen them out partially. You’ll notice small circles that make the pattern.
The entire look is quite artistic. If the wall receives a lot of natural light, it will look great. Otherwise, you can place lamps strategically to highlight the textures at night.
Complete the look by placing a floor vase with long-stemmed flowers and ferns. You can also hang your family pictures against the knockdown wall texture to give a warm and friendly feel to the room.
This is a popular drywall texture style that’s known both as popcorn as well as cottage cheese texture. The compound consists of mud and Styrofoam to achieve this effect.
Hailing from the early days of the 1960s and continuing till the ‘80s, the popcorn texture for walls is hard to apply and to remove. It can be used on the walls but is usually reserved for ceilings.
The popcorn drywall texture is excellent at concealing imperfections or ceiling tiles that have not been aligned properly. This texture is great at canceling out noise. That’s why it’s also referred to as “acoustic” texture.
Such a wall texture type is great for a room where live music is on. Music teachers can benefit much from having walls and ceilings with popcorn texture.
At home, if you have a stereo or music system in your den or living room, a popcorn patterned ceiling and walls can keep the “noise” inside. This would be a relief for outsiders who don’t want to be subject to loud music.
6. Slap Brush
This drywall texture gives the effect of floral patterns on the wall or the ceiling. For those who are willing to go the extra mile to achieve this texture, it’s perfect for them. The outcome is an artistic wall or ceiling.
To apply the slap brush technique, a brush with stiff bristles is needed along with thinned out mud. The application is not easy by any means. First, you must cover the area with mud with the help of a roller.
The second step is to use the brush and slap the ceiling from the edge. It will create the patterns, but you must be careful about the angle of the brush. This part of the work is quite daunting. Not slapping the brush at the right angle might leave a messy look.
For a variety of textures, you may use a different brush and apply a different slapping technique. Such a slap brush texture for drywall looks nice in the bedroom or living room.
7. Sand Swirl
To give a sand swirl texture to the ceiling, you will need two persons to do the job. For the compound, sand is mixed with a perlite primer and applied. Using a roller or a sprayer, apply this on the ceiling or wall. The second person must then use a brush or a trowel to make circular motions with the hand.
Such motions will create patterns that are uneven and arched. Depending on whether you use a brush or a trowel, the swirls will take their shape.
Be aware that you will need more than a bucketful of patience when you apply the mud. That’s because the mud needs to be still wet to enable you to create the patterns.
The sand swirl ceiling would be nice to have in the children’s bedroom. It’s certain to fire their imagination and develop their creativity. A bulletin board with artworks set against the wall will enhance the look and feel of the room.
8. Stomp Brush
For this type of drywall texture, you need to cover the room with plastic as things can get quite messy. A drywall joint compound is thinned with water and applied to the drywall. Use a roller and a stomp brush to create this unique texture.
The best stomp brush is one that’s round with long bristles. While the mud is wet, just stomp the brush upwards on it until you cover the entire surface. This is going to take much of your time, and you can achieve the perfect pattern after much practice.
You can have this texture in any room in the house. A basic way to relieve the monotony from plain, old walls and ceilings, the stomp brush pattern can give a new look to any room.
To enhance the texture, place different colored cushions on the furniture. You could also hang artworks from the ceiling and give a hint of an art gallery to your living room.
One of the more favored drywall texture design, the rosebud pattern is easy to apply. Remember to use a thin layer of mud to make this texture with a stomp brush. You might also use an airless paint sprayer to make the same effect. Repeat the patterns in a series to get the perfect look.
You may like to practice on a scrap piece of drywall. That way you can be sure of the stomping motions you will create on the ceiling.
It’s best to have the rosebud texture on the ceiling only. It will nicely offset the plain walls and add a new dimension to the room. With spotlights and lamps, you can highlight different parts of the ceiling. This will draw attention to it.
While the rosebud texture is great to enhance the beauty of any room, it serves another purpose. You could use this to hide any flaws on the ceiling. Thus, it serves both purposes well.
10. Crows’ Feet
This texture for walls and ceiling can lend a contemporary look to your room, be it your office or home. To apply this texture, you’ll need two people to complete the job.
With the use of a stipple brush or a brush with hard bristles, you need to push upwards to make the pattern on the wet mud on the wall.
So, while one person makes the pattern, the other can put mud on the other parts of the surface.
As it can be very messy, it’s better to cover the floors and furniture with plastic before applying the mud and the texture.
As the pattern looks like imprints of crows’ feet, hence its name. One downside of this texture is that dust can gather easily in the deep crevices.
Therefore, you must remember to clean the ceiling and walls with this texture regularly. Use a long broom to brush away the dust at least once a week.
One of the texture types that have been around since as far back as 1917, the sheetrock pattern is suitable for any room. For a simple yet artistic look to the ceiling, this pattern is just the thing.
The rough texture is achieved simply. Just by the use of hands, the effect can be created. There’s no need for using any special brush or spray paint.
The sheetrock texture looks good in an elegant or a farmhouse-style setting. It sets off nicely against heavy wooden furniture.
If you have Victorian furniture, the sheetrock texture also goes well with it. Just make sure that only the ceiling has this pattern, not the walls. Having the same pattern on all sides will make the room look cluttered and heavy.
Try having the sheetrock texture on the ceiling paired with wallpaper. Remember that the wallpaper should be of the sophisticated kind with fine floral prints or geometric patterns.
12. Hawk And Trowel
This texture is achieved by using tools like a hawk and a trowel. A hawk is a flat plate with a handle attached beneath it. The plate measures 16-inch by 16-inch.
To get the texture, a mound of plaster is placed at the center of the hawk. With a rectangular trowel, the plaster is applied off the hawk.
The application bit is a little tricky as fast hand movements are necessary. You have to scrape the plaster quickly off the hawk and onto the wall with the trowel. It takes experience and well-trained hands to ensure the texture is done perfectly.
This texture has the final look of many straight lines and layers overlapping one another. It’s another type of a simple but elegant texture.
It well suits places like a living room or the library at your home. Your bookshelf or escritoire will complete the look against such a textured wall.
13. Tree Bark
As the name implies, this drywall texture resembles the bark of a tree, complete with ridges. It’s created using a special foam roller rather than a brush and the stomping technique. The roller has to be the heavy type to create the right texture.
The foam roller ensures the pattern is applied uniformly across the ceiling and walls. It’s better to have this pattern on the ceiling only so that the whole room doesn’t feel overwhelming.
Remember to engage experienced persons to create this texture on the ceiling.
If you want to try your hand, it’s better to practice beforehand on a scrap piece of drywall. Once you’re sure you can take on the final job, then go ahead and enjoy the process!
If you have a farmhouse-style home with wooden furniture, such a tree bark texture on the ceiling would look great. The whole look can be perfectly sylvan, keeping the main focus on the ceiling.
14. Santa Fe
This is similar to the skip trowel drywall texture, but with a major basic difference. Using a wide drywall knife that is at least 18 inches long, this pattern is created. The handle must be 16 to 18 inches long.
There are two layers of smooth drywall. The top layer covers the entire area. When the second coating of the drywall compound is applied, it should cover the top layer by 70-90%.
A minimum of 50% coverage of the top coating is recommended. Otherwise, it will give the same effect as the skip trowel texture.
The second coating is made from the drywall compound that has been thinned with water. It allows parts of the first layer to show through.
Such a texture suits adobe-style houses, found mainly in New Mexico. Although the finish looks smooth from a distance, when you appear close to it, you can distinguish the two layers.
15. Spray Sand
The spray sand texture for the drywall looks close to the orange peel texture. The application technique and the compound are different though. A bag of sand is mixed with water and left overnight before application.
Before you start to apply it on the walls or the ceiling, stir it to ensure the sand that had settled at the bottom of the bucket is not left behind. You can increase or decrease the amount of sand in the paint depending on your personal preference.
Using a brush, trowel or a sponge, apply the sand mixture on the drywall. If you don’t like the look, you can wipe off with a towel and re-start. This application process requires time and patience.
This sand spray texture is great for those looking for a stucco look-alike finish to their walls and ceiling. In addition, this is a great pattern to conceal all the holes and flaws your walls might have. Either way, it brings a fresh look to your home.
16. Fish Scale
As you can tell by its name, this texture for drywall looks like a series of fish scales lined together. To achieve this effect on the walls and ceiling, it’s best to get professional help. Not many houses sport the fish scale texture, so it could be a novelty feature in your home.
By using a roller nap and wallpaper or texture brush, you could give it a try. Although it takes someone with years of professional experience to achieve the perfect pattern. If you do want to DIY, practice first on a scrap drywall piece before going for the final job.
It looks a lot like the comb texture although much simpler. It could add an artistic touch to your room. It’s especially suitable for rooms where you keep your collection of antiques. It would also look good in your private library or reading room in the house.
Each room in your house serves a purpose. It could be either for formal guests, family entertainment, spending some alone time, admiring the garden from the sunroom, or reading at peace. Thus, every room has a unique personality. To give such a personality, you must pay attention to the ceilings and walls.
It’s not enough to buy the latest or the most expensive furniture for your home. The walls and the ceiling must complement the atmosphere and the mood of the room you want to achieve.
There are many different wall texture types you can find. But you ought to know which ones are the most suitable for you. That depends on the exact purpose of the room and the intended look and tone of it.
By going through this article, we hope you have enough knowledge of what kind of textures work best for you. After all, the way the rooms look and feel says volumes about your tastes and personality. Moreover, it’s refreshing to give a new look to your rooms from time to time.